Main Muhammad Nawaz Sharif was born in Lahore, Punjab, on 25 December 1949. The Sharif family are Kashmiris of Punjab. Main Muhammad sharif is the father of Muhammad Sharif and was an upper-middle-class businessman and industrialist whose family had emigrated from Anantnag in Kashmir for business. They settled in the village of Jati Umra in Amritsar district, Punjab, at the beginning of the twentieth century. His mother’s family came from Pulwama. After the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Sharif’s parents migrated from Amritsar to Lahore. His father followed the teachings of the Ahl-i Hadith. His father owns Ittefaq Group, a multimillion-dollar steel conglomerate and Sharif Group, a conglomerate with holdings in agriculture, transport and sugar mills.
Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif was a prime minister of Pakistan. He was a prime minister of Pakistan for three-time. . Nawaz Sharif has to brother, First is Shahbaz Sharif and the Second is Abbas sharif. He served 9 years as Primister of Pakistan in three terms. Nawaz Sharif is the 12th,14th, and Prime Minister of Pakistan.
Sharif is born into a middle-upper class family in Lahore city. Mian Muhammad Sharif is the father of Main Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, Main Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif, and Main Muhammad Abbas Sharif.
Main Muhammad Sharif was the founder of Ittefaq and Sharif Group. Sharif Family is the wealthiest family in Pakistan According to media source and Election commission in Pakistan. Most of Sharif’s wealth proceeds from his businesses in steel construction.
Nawaz Sharif politics Background
He enters in Pakistan’s politics in 1981 as Minister of finance for the province of Punjab. By President Zia help Nawaz was Enter in the Pakistani’s politics. In 1985, Nawaz was Elected as Chief Minister of Punjab. In 1990, Sharif lead the conventional Islamic Democratic Alliance and became the 12th prime minister of Pakistan. In 1993, president Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved the National Assembly. By this act of GIshaq khan, the Nawaz government was ended. From 1993 to 1996, Sharif served as the leader of the opposition to the government of Benazir Bhutto. In 1997 he was re-elected as Prime Minister of Pakistan.
But his government is removed by the military in 1999 and was tried in plane hijacking case. But he returned to politics in 2011 and he leads his party and gets the victory for the third time in 2013. In 2103 he takes Oath as a 20th prime Minister of Pakistan. The Supreme court of Pakistan was removed his Oath in the case of Panama papers. In 1918 The Supreme court has released another order against Nawaz. The Pakistan’s Supreme Court disqualified Sharif from holding public office.
First term as Prime Minister of Pakistan
During his first term, Sharif initiated an ambitious program of economic reform, privatizing a range of state-owned businesses. Facing ongoing conflict over the Kashmir region and citing a need to secure itself against a nuclear India, Pakistan continued to defy U.S. calls for it to suspend its nuclear program; in response, the United States halted its financial assistance. Sharif also faced increasing opposition as he attempted to support the middle path between the Islamic right wing and the social democrats. In 1993 Sharif too was dismissed on grounds similar to those for which Bhutto had been ushered out of office. Bhutto then succeeded him, and Sharif continued to be her vocal opponent. In the 1997 elections held after Bhutto’s next dismissal, Sharif returned to serve a second term as prime minister.
Second term as prime Minister of Pakistan
Soon after taking office for the second time, Sharif, backed by Bhutto, forced the elimination of the constitutional provision that had enabled his previous dismissal from office. Sharif also set about trimming the powers of the president and the military. His attempt to block the appointment of five additional judges to the Supreme Court late in the year, however, sparked a constitutional crisis. Chief Justice Sajjad Ali Shah, another of Sharif’s rivals, was later suspended from the court on a technicality. Rather than appoint a substitution for the chief justice, Farooq Leghari unexpectedly resigned from his post after bitterly accusing Sharif of attempting to snatch golf power. The twin exits of the president and of the chief justice appeared to be another major achievement for Sharif Subscribe today
Despite a strong mandate, Sharif’s government faced severe problems. Austerity measures implemented at the behest of the International Monetary Fund reduced government spending at a time when about half the country’s money was being allocated to servicing the debt. With an economy in shambles, enormous foreign debt, widespread corruption, graft, separatist fighting, and an ongoing dispute with neighbouring India, Sharif faced a difficult task in leading the country forward.
In the late 1990s, Pakistan’s economic situation continued to deteriorate. Sanctions imposed by the West in response to the detonation of nuclear devices by Pakistan exacerbated the crisis, and in 1998 Pakistan was nearing bankruptcy. Sharif soon found himself in conflict with a new army commander, Gen. Pervez Musharraf, and in late 1999 allegedly refused to allow Musharraf’s aircraft to land. Sharif was overthrown by Musharraf in a military coup d’état almost immediately and was subsequently tried on charges of hijacking and terrorism, for which he was sentenced to life imprisonment. In 2000, having agreed to leave Pakistan for 10 years in exchange for having his jail sentence commuted, Sharif was released from prison and went into exile in Saudi Arabia.
Encouraged by a 2007 Supreme Court decision which ruled that he was free to reenter the country, Sharif returned to Pakistan in September of that year, hoping to galvanize public support for the removal of Musharraf’s increasingly unpopular rule. The Musharraf government, however, avoid the Supreme Court decision and arranged for Sharif’s summary arrest and deportation back to Saudi Arabia within hours of his return, a move perceived by many as flouting the law. In a visit to Saudi Arabia several weeks later, Musharraf requested that the Saudi leadership collaborate in keeping his opponent abroad until the elections scheduled for early the following year had been held; in response, King ʿAbd Allāh expressed a growing reluctant to maintain Saudi complicity in Sharif’s exile.
In late November 2007, Musharraf permitted Sharif, along with his wife and brother, to arrive unimpeded in Pakistan on an aircraft provided by ʿAbd Allāh. Underscoring Sharif’s sustained popularity, his arrival was marked by crowds of supporters; these celebrations were largely unhindered by police. Upon his return, Sharif registered to run in the elections set for the following January, though he announced his refusal to stand as prime minister under Musharraf and indicated that an opposition boycott of the vote remained an option. In addition, Sharif called for the return of a number of Supreme Court judges whom Musharraf, anticipating that they would rule to annul his reelection, had purged.
In December 2007 Bhutto, who had also recently been permitted to return to Pakistan, was assassinated while campaigning in Rawalpindi. In the elections of February 2008, the PML-N won about one-fourth of the parliamentary seats up for election, finishing second to Bhutto’s party—led by her widower, Asif Ali Zardari—which captured about one-third of the seats. In March the two parties formed a coalition government.
Dispute emerged within the governing alliance in the months following its formation, particularly regarding the restoration of the Supreme Court judges Musharraf had dismissed late the previous year, and these disputes threatened to destabilize the alliance. however, in August 2008 the alliance moved to begin impeachment charges against Musharraf; on August 18, faced with the imminent proceedings, Musharraf resigned.In light of ongoing differences, as well as divisions over Musharraf successor, Sharif later on the PML-N from the order alliance and specify that his party would put forth its own candidate in the presidential elections announced for early September. In the election, however, the candidates of neither the PML-N nor Musharraf’s party won enough support to posed a challenge to Zardari, and on September 6, 2008, he was elected president.
Friction between Zardari and Sharif intensified in February 2009 when the Supreme Court voted to disqualify Sharif’s brother from his position as chief minister of Punjab and to uphold a ban prohibiting Sharif himself from holding political office (the ban stemmed from his 2000 hijacking conviction). Sharif alleged that the court’s rulings were politically motivated and backed by Zardari. Meanwhile, the status of the Supreme Court judges dismissed under Musharraf who had yet to be reinstated remained a major source of conflict between the two rivals. In March 2009 Sharif broke free of an attempt to place him under house arrest and headed toward the capital, where he planned to hold a rally in support of the reinstatement of the judges. Faced with this prospect, the government agreed to reinstate Chief Justice Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry and a number of other Supreme Court judges who had not yet been returned to their posts, a move seen as a remarkable political victory for Sharif. brother of Sharif was also returned to his position shortly subsequently. In late May the Supreme Court reversed the February ruling that had upheld a ban curbing Sharif’s political activity, and in July Sharif was acquitted of hijacking charges. With the last of the legal blockages against him removed, Sharif was cleared to hold public office. Sharif remained a vocal critic of Zardari and the ruling Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), accuse the incumbents of corruption and economic ineptitudes.
Third Term As Prime Minister
Sharif executed a remarkable political comeback in 2013, securing a third term as prime minister when the PML-N won a resounding victory in the May legislative elections. The victory was not without controversy, though. The rival Tehreek-e-Insaf party, led by Imran Khan, denounced the elections as rigged and held protests in Islamabad for several months.
At the forefront of the agenda for the incoming administration were three issues identified as “the three E’s”—economy, energy, and extremism. Under Sharif the economy improved substantially, with higher growth rates, a stable rupee, and lower inflation. Energy and extremism, though, proved more challenging. Electricity demand continued to outpace supply, resulting in frequent and widespread shortages that were often exacerbated by the overall fragility of Pakistan’s power infrastructure.
In terms of foreign policy, Sharif stepped on the toes of military leaders by pushing for improved relations with India, pledging not to meddle in Afghanistan after the 2014 withdrawal of NATO troops, and seeking a settlement with Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), an Islamist insurgency based in Pakistan and unaffiliated with the Taliban in Afghanistan. These positions were at odds with the military’s security interests. When opposition protests in 2014 provided a premise for the military to oust Sharif with popular support, the military instead used the opportunity to pressure Sharif to submit to the military on matters of foreign policy and defense.